Pulp Mills and the Environment: an Annotated Bibliography for Nothern Alberta


Anderson, Phillip and Robert Anderson. Erosion Potential Index. A Method for Evaluating Sheet Erosion at Stream Crossings. Edmonton: Forest Service, Alberta Forestry, Lands and Wildlife, 1987. ENR Report Number T/137. How to estimate the potential of soil erosion at stream crossings and how to reduce the damage.

Anderson, Robert A. and David Asquin. Culvert Sizing for Stream Crossings: A Handbook of Three Common Methods. Edmonton: Alberta Forestry, Lands and Wildlife, Forestry Services, 1986. Regulations on sizes and positions of culverts for logging and other roads that need to cross steams.

Coulombe, R. and A.B. Lemay. Evaluation of Potential Interactions Between Forest Biomass Production and Canadian Wildlife. Ottawa: Environment Canada, 1983. ENFOR Project P-170. Contractor: le Groupe Dryade ltee. MICROLOG 83-4446, 4 fiche. ENFOR is an acronym for ENergy from the FORest, a program for renewable energy production from biomass. Reviews extending forest cutting rotations, removal of snags and fallen trees, sensitivity of animals to human disturbances, and calls for more research in Canada. Concentrates on vertebrates.

Culp, J.M. and R.W. Davies. An Assessment of the Effects of Streambank Clear-Cutting on Macroinvertebrate Communities in a Managed Watershed. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Systems No. 1208, 1983. MICROLOG 84-0471, 2 fiche. Cat. No. Fs 97-6/1208. Studies on on a creek on Vancouver Island. Logging without a buffer zone increased soil erosion and hence sediments in the creek. Increased sediments and reduced detritus decreased numbers of organisms. Lack of a buffer zone also increased winter scouring which also decreased populations. A less than 10 m riparian buffer zone and natural debris dams provided leaf litter and so more food for invertebrates and fish.

Curtin, Theodore W. Farm Your Forest. Urbana-Champaign, Illinois: Cooperative Extension Service Circular 1291, College of Agriculture, University of Illinois, 1989. A pamphlet for managing private wood lots.

Curtis, David S. Woodlot Owner Organizations in Eastern Canada: Historic Development, Legislation, Structure, Financing and Services. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Canadian Forestry Services - Maritimes, 1987. Information Report M-X-162. MICROLOG 87-03020, 2 fiche. In Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario land owners who sell trees for pulp and lumber have formed various organizations to help market their products and share resources for forest management activities.

Fisher, G.L. Resource Road Planning Guidelines for the Green Area of Alberta. Edmonton: Alberta Energy and Natural Resources, Forest Service, 1985. ENR Technical Report Number T/25. Recommendations for five kinds of roads used by timber and petroleum industries.

Fisher, G.L., A.G.H. Locke, and B.C. Northey. Stream Crossing Guidelines: Operational Guidelines for Industry. Edmonton: Alberta Energy and Natural Resources, Forest Service, 1985. ENR Technical Report Number T/80. Recommendations for building, maintaining, and abandoning stream crossings. Forest Land Use Branch. The Resource Handbook Operational Guidelines for Industry, revised. Edmonton: Alberta Energy and Natural Resources, Forest Service, 1984. ENR Technical Report Number 75. Recommendations for industries making utility corridors and stream crossings in the forests of Alberta.

Forest Service. Alberta Timber Harvest Planning and Operating Ground Rules. Edmonton: Alberta Forestry, Lands and Wildlife, 1987. ENR Technical Report Number 23. These are the regulations to be followed by loggers with respect to such things as: Annual Operating Plans, setbacks from water courses, reforestation, wildlife habitat considerations, road construction and abandonment, campsites, and waste disposal.

Forest Service. Forest Landscape Management Guidelines for Alberta. Edmonton: Alberta Forestry, Lands and Wildlife, 1986. The department's recommendations to reduce the visual impacts of logging. Forest Service. Predisturbance Watershed Assessment Manual. Edmonton: Alberta Forestry, Lands and Wildlife, 1986. ENR Technical Report Number T/100. The department's recommendations to reduce erosion in watersheds being logged. The recommendations are to be used in the development of Annual Operating Plans (AOPs).

Moore, G.C. and S.G. Henley. Final Report of G.D.A. Projects 144.201 and 144.202: Management of Watercourse Buffer Zones. Fredericton, N.B.: Natural Resources, New Brunswick and Government of Canada, Regional Economic Expansion, 1984. MICROLOG 84-4003, 2 fiche. Experiments and recommendations on management of buffer zones.

Raphael, Ray. Tree Talk: The People and Politics of Timber. Covelo, California: Island Press, 1981. Interviews and ideas on the history, problems and future of logging in the United States.

Sauder, B.J. Low-Ground-Pressure Tires for Skidders. Ottawa: Canadian Forestry Service, 1985. Information Report DPC-X-20. A study on these tires which are supposed to lessen soil compaction.

Swanson, Robert H. and Graham Robin Hillman. Predicted Increased Water Yield After Clear-Cutting Verified in West-Central Alberta. Edmonton: Northern Forest Research Centre, Canadian Forestry Service NOR-X-198, 1977. Research done on the effects of clear-cutting.

Science Outreach Athabasca - September 27, 2012

Bottom shadow